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The United Nations Security Council on Monday adopted a US-sponsored resolution supporting the US-backed ceasefire plan for Gaza by a vote of 14 to 0. Russia abstained.

The vote was a rare diplomatic victory for the Biden administration on Gaza in the international body where even its closest friends have criticized Israel and US support for its actions in Gaza.

“Over the past eight months, this Council has often been confronted with disagreements, and the world has noted this with understandable frustration,” said US Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield after the vote. “But there is another side to this story.”

The resolution pledges the Council’s support for the three-phase proposal announced by President Biden on May 31. The plan would begin with a full ceasefire for six weeks, during which Israeli forces would withdraw from populated areas, Hamas would release all women, children, elderly and wounded hostages, Palestinians would be allowed to return to their homes throughout the Gaza Strip, and the enclave would be flooded with humanitarian aid.

The temporary ceasefire would last as long as both sides negotiate in good faith on Phase 2: a permanent cessation of violence, full Israeli withdrawal from Gaza and the return of the remaining hostages. It also prohibits any reduction in Gaza’s territory – including the security buffer zone within Gaza’s borders that Israel has begun building – and outlines a third phase that would allow for reconstruction and steps toward a two-state solution for Israel and the Palestinian territories.

In a statement, Hamas welcomed the vote in the council and said it was ready to “start indirect negotiations on the implementation of these principles.”

The Biden administration has shifted the onus onto Hamas to agree to this plan without reservations, saying it is virtually identical to the militants’ demands in an earlier failed round of negotiations.

Although Israel has “authorized” the plan, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and other members of his government have publicly objected to certain elements of the plan, including the withdrawal of troops and the release of hostages, a future without Israeli security control over Gaza, and a two-state solution. Netanyahu has publicly indicated that he wants to continue military operations until all elements of Hamas are destroyed.

The adopted resolution was expanded beyond a minimal version that the government circulated early last week to include suggestions from other members, including a request for details. Rather than simply urging Hamas to accept the ceasefire terms, the final measure included language that “both parties” will implement the agreement “immediately and unconditionally”.

The statement included specific references to the permanent provisions of Phases 2 and 3 and rejected “any attempt at demographic or territorial change in the Gaza Strip, including any measures that reduce the territory” of the Gaza Strip, such as the buffer zone established by the Israeli military within its borders.

Both versions stressed the Council’s “unwavering commitment to the vision of a two-state solution in which two democratic states, Israel and Palestine, live side by side in peace within secure and recognized borders,” in accordance with international law and previous UN resolutions that would require Israel to abandon settlements in the West Bank.

Israel, which is not a council member but attended the meeting, noted that in recent months the council “has passed three resolutions demanding the release of hostages. And each time Hamas has completely ignored your demand. Hamas is not interested in what the council has to say because it has never been held accountable by the council for the crimes.”

Israeli lawmaker Reut Shapir Ben-Naftaly called Saturday’s military raid in central Gaza, which freed four of the roughly 100 remaining hostages, a “perfect example” of how Israel can bring its citizens home. She regretted “any harm to civilians,” more than 270 of whom were killed in the operation, according to local health authorities. But the fact that the hostages were found in civilian-occupied apartments under Hamas guard means that “these so-called innocent civilians” were “not uninvolved,” Ben-Naftaly said.

“Israel will not engage in senseless and endless negotiations that could be exploited by Hamas to buy time,” Ben-Naftaly said.

Explaining Russia’s abstention, Russian Ambassador Vasily Nebenzia said the resolution and the US statements on it contained only “vague parameters” of the proposed agreement and were “without guarantees”. Referring to contradictory statements, he asked: “What exactly did Israel agree to?”

Nebenzya said Russia decided not to veto the resolution because it “has the support of the Arab world. However, all our questions remain and require an answer.”

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